Blame the British, as always. In 1807, in the midst of a struggle with Napoleonic France, HMS Leopard, a Royal Navy ship within the line, attacked, boarded and captured a us frigate, USS Chesapeake, off Norfolk, Virginia. The British claimed their action was justified through the presence on the American ship of four English deserters, whom they arrested. But, for President Thomas Jefferson, it was a wild, illegal infringement with the sovereignty and independence from the infant republic, eventually leading to the 1812 war.
It’s fair to convey the Americans never forgot lessons drawn from the Chesapeake humiliation C and still have been faithfully following Britain’s script since then. Because it is power grew, the united states, too, assumed the ability to extend its national writ beyond its shores. One modern example could be the way the usa justice department ruthlessly pursues foreign nationals, such as the Scottish hacker Gary McKinnon, that are deemed to possess broken US law. McKinnon’s extradition was ultimately blocked in 2012 by Britain’s then home secretary, Theresa May, from a public outcry.
Donald Trump’s threat to impose sweeping penalties on any country or individual, around the globe, that dares not to consider his unilateral embargo on Iran’s oil exports can be another demonstration of extra-territorial over-reach. As an Oriental pasha of old, Trump has graciously deigned to issue exemptions to supplicants who beg for relief. Nonetheless the overall principle is see-through: included in the view, the united states possesses the directly to direct and control those things of sovereign states using threats, sanctions and just about any means at its disposal.
Even liberal-minded Americans see no particular issue with such overweening, imperial power-plays C for who, some argue, can doubt that the US, as being the pre-eminent guardian of enlightened values, acts for the best? Yet American power stop being as all-pervasive, or trusted, as perhaps it had been 10 years ago. Many contemporary states, allies included, do harbour serious doubts about US motives and intentions.
Foremost one of them is China C a competitor, not just a friend C whose furious reaction the other day on the arrest in Canada, at a US warrant, with the top Huawei executive, Meng Wanzhou, showed how Washington’s presumptuous attempts to exercise universal jurisdiction have grown outdated, objectionable C and increasingly unenforceable.
Meng is ostensibly wanted for breaching Iran sanctions. But the wider context is a bit more instructive as opposed to specific, alleged offence. Huawei is a world’s largest supplier of telecommunications network equipment and second-biggest maker of smartphones, with revenue of around $92bn not too long ago. Western spy chiefs believe its market dominance, and close association with China’s communist regime, pose a security risk. The US, Australia, New Zealand and Japan have the ability to recently restricted usage of Huawei technology.
In Britain, Huawei has pledged to invest $2bn to fix security loopholes which the National Cyber Security Centre, a spinoff on the GCHQ spy agency, fears may just be exploited for surveillance and data-collection. The promise followed a reportedly bad-tempered meeting recently with British officials. Huawei insists that neither Meng, nor this company, have broken the law or pose almost any security risk.
The row will intensify existing worries about Chinese state-approved purchase of Britain’s next generation of nuclear power stations. Meanwhile, inside a public speech, Alex Younger, the actual top of MI6, said Britain have to research whether or not this was “comfortable” with using Chinese technology in critical system. A week ago, BT gave its answer, confirming that it was removing Huawei equipment looking at the 4G network.
The Guardian scene on China and also the US: unlucky Canada takes the hit | Editorial
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More broadly still, the history of intensifying US-China strategic, geopolitical and economic rivalry is germane to Meng’s arrest, as is both countries’ blatant disregard for international law. United states warrant has embarrassed Canada, partly due to suspicions it is a politically motivated abuse of your extradition system. Although it are not going to house which has, China’s action a couple weeks ago in detaining two Canadian citizens was direct retribution, meant to pressure Ottawa into releasing Meng.
There is often certainly Meng can be a highly symbolic victim with this global rivalry. Typically clueless, Trump gave the adventure away when he explicitly linked the potential dropping of your case against her to resolving the US-China trade war. Trump’s clumsy intervention C rapidly disavowed by his personal justice department C left the usa looking no much better than Beijing. Them appear accountable for what amounts, in effect, to hostage-taking C not exactly what the world expects from superpowers. But perhaps it is no surprise. In fact, it truly is learned behaviour, thanks to the Royal Navy.